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[www-rohieb-name.git] / blag / post / bluetooth-tethering-via-pan-with-windows-mobile-and-ubuntu.mdwn
1 [[!meta title="Bluetooth tethering via PAN with Windows Mobile and Ubuntu"]]
2 [[!meta date="2010-11-08"]]
3 [[!meta author="rohieb"]]
4 [[!meta license="CC-BY-SA 3.0"]]
5 [[!img defaults size=x200]]
6
7 I was on the train today, needed some of the [Boost][0] manuals, and had
8 no internet connection. So I wanted to use my phone (an old HTC Prophet
9 with Windows Mobile 6.1) as a network access point to browse over
10 GPRS/EDGE. As I found out, it is fairly simple with [Blueman][1] and it
11 even provides [NetworkManager][2] integration, so all
12 NetworkManager-capable applications can be notified about the
13 connectivity. Windows Mobile 6.1 allows tethering over a Bluetooth PAN
14 ([Personal Area Network][3]); but there is another method called DUN
15 ([Dial Up Networking][4]), which I will not describe here. So here is a
16 step-by-step tutorial what I did for my PAN approach, with a few
17 (german) screenshots, tested on Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid:
18
19 * Since my laptop was running on Ubuntu Lucid, there was already a
20 recent Blueman version in the Ubuntu repos available. On older
21 systems, you may want to add the [Blueman Launchpad PPA][5].
22
23 $ sudo apt-add-repository ppa:blueman/ppa # only necessary on pre-lucid systems
24 $ sudo aptitude update
25 $ sudo aptitude install blueman
26
27 * Note that this also removes possibly installed `gnome-bluetooth`
28 packages since Blueman is an adequate replacement for the GNOME
29 Bluetooth UI.
30
31 * After the installation has finished, I had to enable the NMPANSupport
32 plugin for NetworkManager 0.8 by right-clicking on the Blueman icon in
33 the GNOME notification area and selecting “Plugins”. For older
34 NetworkManager versions, there is also a plugin for NetworkManager
35 0.7, called NMIntegration.
36
37 <div class="gallery">
38 [[!img blueman-menu.png alt="Blueman context menu"]]
39 [[!img blueman-plugins.png alt="Blueman plugin page"]]
40 </div>
41
42 * Then I activated tethering on my phone (“Programs” → “Internet
43 Sharing” on my Windows Mobile 6.1, but YMMV). Apparently this was
44 neccesary with my model, because without tethering enabled I could not
45 get a Bluetooth PAN connection in the next step.
46
47 <div class="gallery">
48 [[!img winmo-program-menu.png alt="Windows Mobile Program screen"]]
49 [[!img winmo-connection-sharing.png alt="Windows Mobile Internet
50 Sharing application"]]
51 </div >
52
53 * I paired the phone and my laptop via Bluetooth, and created a PAN
54 (Personal Area Network) by connecting to the “Network Access Point”
55 service on the phone. In Blueman, all you have to do after pairing is
56 right-click on the device and select “Connect To: Network Access
57 Point”. This creates a new network device `bnep0` which is
58 automagically configured through NetworkManager (using [stateless
59 address autoconfiguration][6]).
60
61 <div class="gallery">
62 [[!img blueman-pan.png size=x100 alt="Blueman: Context menu for device
63 “Leia”, menu entry “Network Access Point” is selected"]]
64 </div>
65
66 (Yes, my phone is called [Leia][7]… I also have a yet another HTC
67 Prophet for testing purposes, which is called [Luke][8] :-) )
68
69 * However, in my setup, though I was able to ping certain IP adresses on
70 the internet, DNS lookups timed out for some reason. It got better
71 when I explicitly set an IP address for the Bluetooth PAN driver on my
72 phone, and did the tethering process all over again.
73
74 <div class="gallery">
75 [[!img winmo-connections.png alt="Windows Mobile System Settings
76 Screen, with item “Wi-Fi” selected"]]
77 [[!img winmo-networkdrivers.png alt="Windows Mobile Network Driver
78 settings screen, with menu item “Bluetooth PAN Driver” selected"]]
79 [[!img winmo-bluetooth-ip.png alt="Windows Mobile Bluetooth PAN Driver
80 settings screen"]]
81 </div>
82
83 * And off I went with mobile internet access. Woo-hoo! \o/
84
85 I may also add that the NetUsage plugin in Blueman is very reasonable to
86 use ;-) After activated, the network usage can be viewed by
87 right-clicking on the Blueman icon and selecting “Network Usage”.
88
89 [0]: http://www.boost.org/
90 [1]: https://launchpad.net/blueman
91 [2]: http://projects.gnome.org/NetworkManager/
92 [3]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_area_network
93 [4]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluetooth_profile#Dial-up_Networking_Profile_.28DUN.29
94 [5]: https://launchpad.net/~blueman/+archive/ppa
95 [6]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Link-local%20address
96 [7]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leia_Skywalker
97 [8]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luke_Skywalker
98
99 [[!tag Blueman bluetooth mobile_internet_access network NetworkManager
100 Ubuntu Ubuntu_Lucid Windows_Mobile]]
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